Increasing Moral Engagement on Climate Change
As we pointed out in a recent post, the majority of Americans feel a moral obligation to fight climate change. But there still remains a partisan gap in moral engagement: conservatives are less likely to view environmental issues in moral terms than liberals.
This shouldn’t be construed to mean conservatives don’t care about the environment – but like so many cases, it’s a matter of perspective. As explained in this op-ed in The New York Times, conservatives tend to respond better to messages that appeal to values like purity and patriotism. By contrast, most environmental messages focus on protection from harm, which resonates better with liberals than conservatives.
Climate communications are most effective when they speak to the values and identities of the audience – so understanding what “morality” means to conservatives can go a long way towards real engagement.
Robb Willer, Contributor to The New York Times
According to a recent poll, a large majority of Americans, and roughly half of Republicans, say they support governmental action to address global warming. The poll, conducted by The New York Times, Stanford and the research organization Resources for the Future, stands in stark contrast to the vast partisan gulf in political efforts to address climate change. How could it be that so many Republicans view global warming as a problem, but so few on the right are pressuring the government to take action to address it?
A paper that Matthew Feinberg, a psychologist at the University of Toronto, and I published in the journal Psychological Science in 2013 suggests one answer to this puzzle: While the number of Republicans who say global warming is a serious problem has reached high levels, there remains a very large gap in moral engagement with the issue. We found that conservatives were less likely than liberals to describe pro-environmental efforts in moral terms, or to pass moral judgment on someone who behaved in an environmentally unfriendly way, for example by not recycling. Where liberals view environmental issues as matters of right and wrong, conservatives generally do not.